Mimi Hanson has a super article about the gaze in Rudolph Valentino's
movies: if he looks first at the woman, then it's true love; if the woman
looks at him first (in just the objectifying way described here by Mike),
then she's doomed. Anyway, the point I wanted to make was that it isn't
only the act of looking but how the narrative codes that act. Since I don't
know SARATOGA TRUNK, I don't know if Bergman's gaze is ratified or punished
by the narrative as a whole.
Department of English
University of Missouri
>My favourite antidote to Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema is to show a
>clip from Saratoga Trunk. It was made in 1944 and was one of the biggest
>box office films of 1946, when it was released. It is therefore
>unquestionably a product of the classical Hollywood studio period which
>seems to be the main concern of Mulvey's essay. However, the first
>encounter between Ingrid Bergman and Gary Cooper has Bergman catching sight
>of Cooper leaning against a bar, fixing him with her gaze and looking him up
>and down in a highly objectifying fashion. As she does so the camera gives
>her POV so the audience gets to objectify him too, so calling into question
>the validity of Mulvey's argument about the existence of an exclusively male
>gaze. This gesture is repeated later in the film. To illustrate the other
>side of the argument I use a clip from GI Jane (a non-classical period film)
>in which Jane is held in an sexually objectifying gaze while she works out.
>Two essays you may find useful are Sabrina Barton's *Your Self Storage:
>Female Investigation and Male Performativity in teh Woman's Psychothriller*
>in *The New American Cinema* edited by Jon Lewis, and Steven Cohan's essay
>on Fred Astaire in *Screening The Male* edited by Cohan and Hark. Cohan's
>*MAsked Men* may also be helpful.
>UNiversity of London
>[log in to unmask]
>----- Original Message -----
>From: Stephen Tropiano <[log in to unmask]>
>To: <[log in to unmask]>
>Sent: Tuesday, August 15, 2000 5:59 PM
>Subject: VOYeuRISM Assistance
>> I am teaching a course on Images of Men and Women in the Media.
>> In the past I have started with the star system and Marilyn Monroe and
>> then had students read Laura Mulvey's "Visual Pleasure and Narrative
>> Cinema" and watch "Peeping Tom," which all the students seem to have seen.
>> I was curious if anyone has suggestions for an alternative film.
>> More importantly, I am considering tying in something about the new
>> voyeurism in our culture (i.e. reality shows, "The Real World,"
>> and webcams/internet).
>> can anyone point me towards any articles or screening suggestions.
>> Thank you.
>> Stephen Tropiano
>> Ithaca College LA Program
>> "What is essential is invisible to the eye."
>> -THE LITTLE PRINCE
>> Online resources for film/TV studies may be found at ScreenSite
>Screen-L is sponsored by the Telecommunication & Film Dept., the
>University of Alabama: http://www.tcf.ua.edu
Online resources for film/TV studies may be found at ScreenSite