>>What needs to be argued in such cases is why this code
>>  is more valid than another.

>Or, why this code is no less valid than another . . .

          a quick reminder . . . a code may well be valid and
          yet not be applicable in a given instance . . . a combination
          of letters that make up different words in different languages
          is the most obvious example . . . to know not only what the
          word means but even what the word IS in the first place
          requires that we know which of various codes, all valid, is
          the one that ought to be applied . . . and if the phrase
          "ought to be" sounds prescriptive rather than descriptive,
          that's only because it sure as hell is . . . and that of course
          changes the ground rules of this game profoundly . . .

          mike frank

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