trevor barton writes: >> I'm writing a term paper on 'ethnic cleaning' (not >> cleansing) i.e.- the relationship between ethnicity and >> the act of 'cleaning', cleaning products and their marketing >> (i.e.-soap ads.) See Patricia Turner's *Ceramic Uncles & Celluloid Mammies: Black Images and Their Influence on Culture* (New York: Anchor Books, 1994). Also, see Hollywood cinema and its beloved domestic laborers of color: Hattie McDaniel, Louise Beavers, Butterfly McQueen, Stepin Fetchit, Bill Bojangles Robinson, Eddie Rochester Anderson, Clarence Muse, Mantan Moreland, et al. and also obviously the title is a pun on >> words- the threat of European (fascist) history repeating >> itself.... *European* *Fascist*??? How about *racist?* (European, American, etc.) Explain this, please. Gloria Monti ______________________________ gloria monti film studies program, yale university 53 wall st., new haven, CT 06510 voice mail: 203-432-0152 e-mail: [log in to unmask] http://pantheon.cis.yale.edu/~godard/index.html ---- Screen-L is sponsored by the Telecommunication & Film Dept., the University of Alabama.