On Thu, 16 Oct 1997, Michael Haas wrote: > Mike Frank might perhaps ask Michael Sugarman why he believes that The Wizard > of Oz conveys a happy message. The book on which it is based is, of course, > profoundly pessimistic. Hmmm...I read the book many times, and I must have read it wrong, because I did not get a pessimistic message. I thought it was a wry, ironic and yes, pragmatic book: seeing people and situations as they are rather than glorified pap doesn't in my book :-) spell pessimism. A dose of reality tempers the American Dream and sundry quest initiatives (sometimes called Empire, sometimes personal voyages of self-discovery). Liora Moriel Comparative Literature Program University of Maryland 2107 Susquehanna Hall College Park, MD 20742-8825 [log in to unmask] "We have cooperated for a very long time in the maintenance of our own invisibility. And now the party is over." - Vito Russo ---- Screen-L is sponsored by the Telecommunication & Film Dept., the University of Alabama.