This is a very tricky issue. It's true that you get very gummed up when you talk to a studio legal department, but if you don't and they find out you have used a still, it can get dicey. The law is not entirely clear about this, in terms of how stills would fit into the minimum allowable scholarly quotation as a film quote. You can also argue that there are so few copies issued of film scholarly books that a studio legal department is not going to take notice, still a chance is being taken. Back when I wrote MOVIES ON YOUR MIND, I had to excise a portion of a chapter referring to LB Mayer's nearly cutting out SOMEWHERE OVER THE RAINBOW from WIZARD OF OZ, since the studio lawyers construed this as speaking ill of "Mr Mayer", in aid of getting permission to use stills from the film. hope this is of help hr greenberg md endit ---- Screen-L is sponsored by the Telecommunication & Film Dept., the University of Alabama.