Re Norman Holand's posting 1) there is no homosexual kiss in Philadelphia. Even if you would retreat into the scientism of spectator responce studies, you should know what is in a film. 2)Why shoul any one believe that the message, the sender and the reciever are three indipendant beings? Why should we remain in an already vitiated communications paradigm? 3)Its not only Fred Crews who thinks that psychoanalysis is not "testable," their are also us folks who think that it is not a positivism, that it takes place in the register of the experience rather than that of the experiment. Furthermore there is the question of which protocols of reading apply to Freud's texts and what their claims acctually are. lgs.