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My favourite antidote to Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema is to show a
clip from Saratoga Trunk.  It was made in 1944 and  was one of the biggest
box office films of 1946, when it was released. It is therefore
unquestionably a product of the classical Hollywood studio period which
seems to be the main concern of Mulvey's essay.  However, the first
encounter between Ingrid Bergman and Gary Cooper has Bergman catching sight
of Cooper leaning against a bar, fixing him with her gaze and looking him up
and down in a highly objectifying fashion.  As she does so the camera gives
her POV so the audience gets to objectify him too, so calling into question
the validity of Mulvey's argument about the existence of an exclusively male
gaze.  This gesture is repeated later in the film.   To illustrate the other
side of the argument I use a clip from GI Jane (a non-classical period film)
in which Jane is held in an sexually objectifying gaze while she works out.

Two essays you may find useful are Sabrina Barton's *Your Self Storage:
Female Investigation and Male Performativity in teh Woman's Psychothriller*
in *The New American Cinema* edited by Jon Lewis, and Steven Cohan's essay
on Fred Astaire in *Screening The Male* edited by Cohan and Hark.  Cohan's
*MAsked Men* may also be helpful.

Mike Chopra-Gant
Goldsmiths College
UNiversity of London

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----- Original Message -----
From: Stephen Tropiano <[log in to unmask]>
To: <[log in to unmask]>
Sent: Tuesday, August 15, 2000 5:59 PM
Subject: VOYeuRISM Assistance


>
> I am teaching a course on Images of Men and Women in the Media.
> In the past I have started with the star system and Marilyn Monroe and
> then had students read Laura Mulvey's "Visual Pleasure and Narrative
> Cinema" and watch "Peeping Tom," which all the students seem to have seen.
>
> I was curious if anyone has suggestions for an alternative film.
> More importantly, I am considering tying in something about the new
> voyeurism in our culture (i.e. reality shows, "The Real World,"
> and webcams/internet).
>
> can anyone point me towards any articles or screening suggestions.
> Thank you.
>
> Stephen Tropiano
> Ithaca College LA Program
>
> "What is essential is invisible to the eye."
>                   -THE LITTLE PRINCE
>
> ----
> Online resources for film/TV studies may be found at ScreenSite
> http://www.tcf.ua.edu/ScreenSite

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