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December 1996, Week 1


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Film and TV Studies Discussion List <[log in to unmask]>
Wed, 4 Dec 1996 23:21:47 -0500
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At 01:43 PM 12/4/96 -0500, you wrote:
>I am writing a paper about neorealism and I read about a law passed by
>Giulio Andreotti in 1949 which, according to the author, put an end to
>italian neorealism in the cinema industry.  Could anyone give me more
>information about this law?
This is from Mira Liehm's *Passion and Defiance*:
<paraindent><param>left</param>The law was introduced by Giulio
Andreotti, then a member of the government, a man close to Prime Minister
Alcide De Gasperi.  On the one hand, the law protected the national movie
industry against American competition by taxing imported films and by
imposing compulsory programming of Italian films for eighty days a year
in every theater, thus tripling the distribution of Italian productions
on the home market.  On the other hand, "la legge Andreotti" reintroduced
strict pre censorship, putting the state in control of the movie
industry.  All scripts were to be submitted to a special ministerial
commission, and only those that met with official approval were granted
production loans.  (Thus, typically, the farcical comedy *Don Camillo*
was allotted 216 million lire whereas *La Terra Trema* received only 6
million.)  This system drastically reduced attempts at filming
controversial subjects and discouraged producers from supporting films
that were unlikely to receive financial assistance.
</paraindent>This part of the book goes on to describe some of the more
specific effects (reduced quality of films) and targets (De Sica, De
Santis...) of the Andreotti law.  The book should be easy to find should
you need more info. =20
Buon lavoro!
Aaron Curtiss
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